South Asia WASH Results Programme: Household Endline Survey
The objective South Asia WASH Results Programme (SAWRP) is to promote and enable sustained use of hygienic household toilets and the practice of hand washing with soap, by men, women and children in poor rural communities within 12 districts of Bangladesh.
The primary aim of the End-line survey is to enable measurement of results achieved by the programme, not to evaluate impact. The outcome targets which the survey will need to provide evidence are:
• Poor people across 12 districts continue to use reliable, safe drinking water sources;
• Poor people across 12 districts continue to use basic or improved latrines; and
• Poor men, women and children across intervention districts continue to practice hand washing with soap at critical times.
The end-line survey will involve a household survey among randomly selected household members aged 15+, who will be interviewed to measure outcomes of sanitation, hygiene and water interventions.
Methodology/ Survey Design
The survey will only be conducted in programme areas of Plan International Bangladesh and Water Aid.
Sample size: 1,200 household interviews in selected intervention areas across 120 sample villages, i.e.10 complete interviews per village.
The survey questionnaire will include a combination of survey questions and observations that the interviewer will need to make. Observations will be required of toilets and hand washing facility.
The method used would be Random Walk: stratifying the sample, selecting sample points randomly, selecting start points that follow the random route until x number of interviews is achieved. Ten (10) interviews will be conducted per sample point and one visit plus a minimum of two call backs (number of attempts to get an interview at the selected address using Random walk).
A Kish Grid will be used to select respondents to be interviewed at each household. The Kish Grid is a method for randomly selecting respondents in a survey using a pre-assigned table of random numbers.
• Contact sheet. A contact sheet will be produced for each address to be visited. Besides the contact address, it will also contain the information to be completed by interviewer - on the number of visits made, outcome of interview, reason for an unsuccessful interview, screening information about the composition of household, number of adults and adolescents living in the household, etc. These will be kept separately from the main questionnaires - both because it will contain a lot of personal information and because it is more convenient to record information about unsuccessful interviews separate from questionnaire forms.
• The number of visits. At least 3 visits overall need to be made to those addresses where no contact has been made, partial completion achieved, the randomly selected respondent is not available at the time of visit and other cases, when interview is not completed for any reasons and when the respondent did not refuse to take part.
Duration: November 2017 to June 2018
Sponsor: Ipsos Research Pvt. Ltd, India
M. A. Mannan