Health status and healthcare seeking behavior assessment among elderly citizen in Bangladesh
Despite improvement in many health indicators in last few decades, providing access to affordable healthcare still remains a considerable challenge worldwide, especially for elderly people living in low- and middle-income countries. Bangladesh is also facing such challenges as elderly population with high-risk of diseases and disability would put urgent demands on healthcare systems while Bangladesh is not well prepared to meet such health care demand.
The demographic structure is changing rapidly in Bangladesh. As per latest report, approximately 8% of the total population are in the age of 60 years or above, which is projected to be increased up to 11.5% (21.526 million) in 2030 to 21.5% (43.491 million) by 2050 in Bangladesh. Non-communicable diseases is increasing recent years which acts as a major threat for aged population. Further, physical activities, sensory and cognitive impairments, risk of falling during daily activities etc. have become more prevalent among elderly population in Bangladesh. However, disease pattern and care seeking behavior is quite complex for elderly people than other age groups and also senility causes a functional deterioration and vulnerability which triggers to the increased healthcare expenditure for them. Due to lack of research evidence in this country context, such important public health issues is not well addressed in Bangladesh. The overall objective of this project is to understand the various aspects of elder healthcare including disease prevalence, quality of life, healthcare seeking pattern and associated factors, inequality of healthcare utilization with a view to informing policy development for improving the health status of elderly population of Bangladesh. These findings can also be utilized further for designing financial risk protection schemes targeting elder citizen which is in line with the core objective of the Healthcare Financing Strategy of Bangladesh to achieve universal health coverage within 2032.
Study Director: Dr. Abdur Razzaque Sarker
Sponsored by: Research Endowment Fund (REF), BIDS
Timeline of the study: October 2019 to March 2020