BIDS IT Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies
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A Study on Climate Change and Gender in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has been ranked as the 7 th most vulnerable country in the world in terms of risks from natural hazards, in which tidal surge, salinity, flooding, river erosion and cyclones are the most frequent ones. 1 It has now been widely recognized that Bangladesh, with its deltaic positioning, populous nature and low adaptive capacity, is considered one of the most vulnerable countries towards climate risks in the world across all natural and development dimensions. 2 A growing cross-country literature recognizes differential effects of climate change on gender issues, particularly on women. These include effects on women’s economic empowerment and female labor force participation, on voice and agency, and on gender-based violence. There has also been an emerging literature on the impacts of migration due to climate change and their regional implications on gender-oriented norms and issues. These include effects on gender norms and women, effects on poverty, food security and livelihoods and on displacement.

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