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How Do Crop Diversification and Livelihood Affect Nutritional Status?

This study aims to examine how diversity in crop production results in dietary diversity and how dietary diversity results in better nutrition among households in rural Bangladesh. It also aims to find the linkage between livelihood and nutrition.Crop diversification may improve nutritional status in two ways- one is production and another one is income. Due to increase in crop diversification, producer can get higher amount of food to consume or we can say food consumption will be increased due to diversity in crop production. This increase in food intake would have a positive impact on nutritional status. Increased income from crop diversification would also have a positive impact on nutritional statusthrough raising food intake. When family income or individual income is increased, it would raise expenditure on food and this increased expenditure on food is expected to improve nutritional status of a household or an individual.Main objective of this study is to know how crop diversification can improve nutritional status of adult and children in rural Bangladesh. Crop diversification may improve nutritional status, but we want to find the way of the improvement. Is it through income or production?We would like to find out the answer of following three questions:

1. Does production diversity result in consumption or dietary diversity?

2. Does dietary diversity result in better household nutrition?

3. Does agricultural livelihood result in better household nutrition?

To conduct this study we have intended to use Bangladesh Integrated Household Survey (BIHS, 2011-12) database of IFPRI as this survey covers most the anthropometric indicators for adult and children.For estimation purpose Ordinary Least Square (OLS), Propensity Score Matching (PSM) and Ordered Probit Model will be used.

The study will be completed in a period of six months effective from November 8, 2016 to May 7, 2017.

Study Team: Mohammad RiazUddin (Study Director)

Sponsored from: BIDS Research Endowment Fund

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