Productivity and Agricultural Real Wage in Bangladesh: 1959-60 to 2012-13
Author: M. A. Taslim & Q. N. Taslim
The trend of the real wage of agricultural labourers in Bangladesh during the last half a century was influenced by two opposing forces: technological changes that raised the productivity of the farm land through high yield crops and multiple cropping, which also raised the productivity of labour, and a rapid growth of agricultural labour supply working in the opposite direction. This resulted in the stagnation of real wages for nearly four decades. Only when the addition to agricultural labour supply became persistently negative around the middle of the first decade of the new millennium, did the real wage show a trend increase.
Price Transmission and Volatility Spillover in Food Grain Market: Experience from Indian vis-à-vis World Market
Author: Subhra Sinha & Arindam Laha
In the backdrop of liberalised trade of agricultural commodities in the twenty- first century, world food prices have risen at a faster pace since 2007. The Indian economy has largely been able to insulate itself from the price transmission mechanism of the world market because of low exposure of the economy to global factors. This paper analyses the trend of volatility in the price of rice and wheat in the world market vis-à-vis regional markets in India during 2000-15. In addition, an econometric analysis was conducted to measure the price transmission mechanism in understanding the process of volatility spillover from international to domestic markets.
Application of Stochastic Frontier Model for Poultry Broiler Production: Evidence from Dhaka and Kishoreganj Districts, Bangladesh
Author: Md. Mahmudul Hassan
This paper analyses the technical efficiency of poultry broiler production in Bangladesh from a sample of 100 poultry farmers selected from Savar and Dhamrai upazilla under Dhaka district and Bajitpur and Kuliarchar upazilla under Kishoreganj district. Stochastic parametric technique was used to analyse the technical efficiency of poultry farmers. Results show that among different input factors, doc size and feed input play crucial role in broiler output. Estimated mean technical efficiencies were 43%, 52% and 68% for small, medium and large farms respectively. The difference in the level of technical efficiency postulates the existence of further opportunities for broiler farmers to escalate their meat productivity and income through enhancements in their technical efficiency. Different observed socioeconomic variables related to farming experience, age, education, family size, training, credit, extension contact and regular medication are found to be negative and significantly related to technical inefficiency.
An Empirical Assessment of the Nexus between Terms of Trade and Inflation in Bangladesh
Author: Muntasir Murshed
Terms of Trade is inextricably linked to the export performance of countries like Bangladesh that have heavily banked on their respective export sector. This paper empirically examines the nexus between terms of trade improvement and possible inflationary pressures associated using annual time series data over 1980 to 2014. This study is especially important in the context of LDC graduation of Bangladesh and loss of preferential market treatment in important markets. As a result, better terms of trade can play a key role in strengthening export competiveness and raising export volumes. In light of the estimated results in this study, an inverted-U shaped non-linear association between terms of trade improvement and inflation is unearthed. The finding can be a starting point for Bangladesh to adopt relevant export- boosting policies via terms of trade enhancement without the fear of triggering inflationary pressures